Overpopulation in Pakistan
2845 WordsJun 8th, 200912 Pages
As we know that the economic development of a country depends on various factors such as natural resources, capital and human resources. Human resources have fundamental importance because without them, the natural resources can not be exploited but overpopulation causes adverse effects on the economy.
The purpose of this assignment is to analyze the impacts of the impacts of overpopulation on the economic development of Pakistan.
Contents of Study:
In order to see the role of population in the economic development, we will consider the world population and growth rate in comparison to that of Pakistan. The qualitative aspects of population, major factors affecting population growth, Malthusian population trap, the problems created by…show more content…
We shall deal with the educational factors as an affect of overpopulation rather than the cause.
Growth rate of population:
The growth rate of population is the focal point the economic development of a country. The growth rate of Pakistan is 2.09 %.( See table 3.1 & fig 3.3).The growth rate reached its peak in 1972 and it has been continuously declining over the years.
Pakistan's extremely high rate of population growth is caused by a falling death rate. In 1950 the mortality rate was twenty-seven per 1,000; by 2008 it has fallen to 8.23 deaths per 1000(see table 3.2).
Infant mortality rate:
The decrease in infant mortality rate is also a contributing factor. Figure for infant mortality has always been disputed in Pakistan; it was estimated to be 136 in 1962-65. By 1996-97 it had been estimated to be somewhere around 92-100. The infant mortality rate is 70.45 per 1000 in 2008(see table 3.4).It is indicative of poor medical facilities, inadequate child health care and ignorance among the family members. Maternal
Mortality rate was 340 per 100,000 live births in 1990: it is still the same if not higher as reported by some organizations.
The life expectancy of both males and females has continued to increase over the years. Whereas in 1965 women in Pakistan lived to the age of 44.5 years, in 1992 women were expected to live 17 years more. (see table 3.5).
Just as health facilities have
Essay on The Problems of Over Population
885 Words4 Pages
The Problems of Over Population
There are several problems that affect the world today: war, crime, pollution, and several others. Overpopulation is a serious dilemma that is growing every year, every minute, and every second. It is the root of most, if not all, of the world’s problems1. It is the greatest global crisis facing humanity in the twenty-first century. Overpopulation is the major global problem because of several reasons. Most of the problems we have today, such as ocean depletion, food shortages, water shortages, air pollution, water pollution, and global warming are the effects of overpopulation2. The more people there are, the more resources consumed and the more waste created. A child born today in the United States for…show more content…
Mankind is increasing the greenhouse gas levels by burning fossil fuels and deforesting the earth7. As the population increases, atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases rise rapidly which affect the ability of the outgoing energy to pass through the atmosphere, [which] effectively heats the Earth8. Another predicament is the acid rain created by air pollution, which in turn, is created by the increasing population. Acid rain’s spread and damage involves weather, soil, and the life cycles of plants and animals on the land9. Air pollution is created from the burning of fossil fuels in cars, trucks, planes, and homes. The smoke and fumes rise into the atmosphere and combine with the moisture in the air to form acid rain10. As it rains, it eats away on things they settle on and contaminates lakes, drinkable water, which affect plants and animals11. Overpopulation also causes conflict. If many people live very closely together, there is a greater chance of conflict, which results in higher crime and even sometimes war12. This is why overpopulation is the major global problem. There are several things that cause this problem to come about. A major cause is the rise of living standards as the world approaches the twenty-first century, which resulted from the industrial revolution. With the help of medicine, better doctors, better housing, and a better way of life than before, the living standards are raised, which increases life