Mazar-e-Quaid (Urdu: مزار قائد), also known as the Jinnah Mausoleum or the National Mausoleum, is the final resting place of Quaid-e-Azam ("Great Leader") Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Designed in a 1960s modernist style, the mausoleum also contains the tomb of his sister, Māder-e Millat ("Mother of the Nation") Fatima Jinnah, and that of Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
The mausoleum was completed in 1970, and is an iconic symbol of Karachi. The mausoleum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Karachi.
The mausoleum is located in the Jamshed Quarters neighborhood of Karachi, along the northern edge of the colonial-era core. The mausoleum is surrounded by a large garden which offers a calm and tranquil environment in the large and bustling metropolis. The illuminated tomb can be seen at night from far distances.
The Mausoleum building was designed by famous architect Yahya Merchant. It is made of white marble with curved Moorish arches and copper grills reset on an elevated 54-square-meter platform. The mausoleum is located in a 53-hectare park and the building has a footprint of 75 by 75 m (246 by 246 ft) with a height of 43 m (141 ft), built on a 4 m (13 ft) high platform. In each wall is placed an entrance. Fifteen successive fountains lead to the platform from one side and from all sides terraced avenues lead to the gates. The cool inner sanctum reflects the green of a four-tiered crystal chandelier gifted by the People's Republic of China. Around the mausoleum is a park fitted with strong beamed spot-lights which at night project light on the white mausoleum.
In the interior of the grave complex, there are three graves in a row and one to the north. The northern one, which is decorated with a series of black floral design at the base, belongs to Miss Fatima Jinnah, Quaid-e-Azam's sister. Out of the three graves, the northern one belongs to Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. The extreme southern grave belongs to Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar. In the middle lies buried Nurul Amin, who rose to be the Vice-President of Pakistan. All these graves are made of Italian white marble, and they are of the box type, like the sarcophagus of Jinnah, placed on a triple base. But the sides of these graves are tapering inward while that of Jinnah are diverging outward. These are all plain graves, except that of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah, which has a basal floral ornamentation.
Official and military ceremonies take place here on special occasions, such as on 23 March (Pakistan Day), 14 August (Independence Day), 11 September (the anniversary of Jinnah's death) and 25 December (Jinnah's birthday). Dignitaries and officials from foreign countries also visit the mausoleum during official tours. On 14 August 2017, Pakistan's Independence Day, it was used for paying a tribute to Jinnah through 3d projection mapping show by 3D illumination.
Mazar-e-Quaid-e-Azam: Symbol of Hope for all Mankind
This Mausoleum enshrines the mortal remains of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Founder of Pakistan and its first Head of State.
Born in this city on December 25, 1876, he raised it to a pinnacle of glory on August 14, 1947, when he accepted the transfer of power from British hands.
Unique among world leaders he willed a State into being. For Muslims, Pakistan was a murmur on the distant horizon till the Quaid-e-Azam seized the helm. He transformed it into reality.
Undeterred by illness or the dissent of the waverers and faint-hearted he pursued his ideal with a resolute will and an iron determination.
Once a powerful advocate of unity between the Hindu and Muslim nations inhabiting the subcontinent to achieve freedom, he abondoned this solution when convinced of its unreality - that it was unattainable.
For bondage in a spurious unity preached by Congress leaders he propagated freedom through partition and separation of the two feuding nations.
But for long and bitter years the cause he epoused with such inflexible devotion was ridiculed and resisted on false economic and political grounds, ignoring the basic religious issue.
As a result the subcontinent was swept by a holocaust of bloodshed, and human misery. When the Indian National Congress begrudgingly conceded that Partition was inevitable, freedom came overnight to 500 million, with the end of a 200-year struggle against colonial domination.
The Quaid's triumph altered the destinies of one-fifth of the human race. He could well be acclaimed not only the Founder of Pakistan but the real Architect of Freedom for the entire subcontinent.
His victory was immeasurable for it changed the course of world history. It shattered the foundations of an Empire which enveloped the globe - the greatest ever known. European colonialism crumbled with the reduction of its mightiest bastion, the British Indian Empire.
On September 11, 1948, in the city which he had known and loved since childhood, death closed the chapter on the Quaid's incomparable contribution to the liberation of his fellow-men.
But the spirit he invoked endures in the great Resurgence of Islam dedicated to the attainment of Liberty, Equality and a Brotherhood of Man.
His Mausoleum stands on hallowed ground, perpetuating the memory of the Father of the Nation, but to countless millions of all faiths, creeds and races it is a shining symbol of hope for the downtrodden and oppressed among all mankind.
F. D. Douglas