Research Paper on Breast Cancer
How to start a research paper on breast cancer
The first is to think about the introductory part of the research paper on breast cancer that aims to catch the eyes of the reader. Researching is important to know more about the prevalence of breast cancer, the cause, the prevalence, and the impact on the population. The rationale is to gain more knowledge about breast cancer that is potentially hazardous to the longevity and the health and well-being of the person.
Tips on how to start
- A research paper must have an introduction to introduce the topic that will try to familiarize the leaders about the topic that will be discussed.
- The researcher should collect important data to ensure that the research process is ready to consolidate and present it to the audience.
- There should be an outline for each research study on a certain topic such as breast cancer as one of the most dangerous diseases in the world today.
- Identify what method of analysis will be applied to the research paper if it is either qualitative or quantitative.
- A research paper must have at least a thesis statement that provides a formal way to introduce the topic to the readers.
Example of an outline
A. Background about breast cancer
B. Problem statement about breast cancer
C. History of breast cancer
II. Body Section
A. Factors affecting breast cancer
B. Why breast cancer is a concerning disease
III. Body Section
A. Complications of breast cancer
B. Pathophysiology of breasts with cancer
IV. Body Section
A. Diagnostic testing
B. Breast cancer treatment
C. Prevention against breast cancer
A. Relating the background of the story
B. Restating the thesis.
Example of a breast cancer research paper thesis
Women who fail to conduct breast self-assessment indicate lack of awareness about the risk of developing breast cancer. Others do not undergo a regular check-up to determine if they are either at risk or not for developing breast cancer. Females only notice that they are now suffering if they are already feeling the signs and symptoms until it is already too late to undergo for treatment.
Example of introduction
Breast cancer is defined as the process of suffering from both benign and malignant tumors on either or both of the breasts of the patient. This is caused by either a modifiable or nonmodifiable risk factor which concerns with the severity and the prevalence on the presence of cancer cells on the affected parts of the body. Breast cancer is a life-threatening disease, especially if the stage of the disease is already on its terminal stage without being screened (Siu, 2016). The cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body, causing another form of infection to the affected tissue or organ of the body. This paper will be discussing the prevalence rate, mortality, and morbidity of breast cancer, which affects millions of patients around the world.
How to write body paragraphs for a research paper on breast cancer
Every researcher should know that the body paragraph of every research paper is important because it seeks to expound the main discussion of the subject. The body is where the main topic is being discussed. Researchers will be able to define, relate examples, and its impacts on the target individuals regarding the issues that are relevant to the research topic.
Tips on body writing
- The body should be segmented into different parts that separately discuss several key issues relevant to the main subject of the study.
- Each segment should have a literature study to further explain the significance of the main subject matter to different kinds of topics being discussed from the paper.
- The body needs credible sources as the researcher explains the relevance of the subject matter through specific details that are connected with the research topic.
- Each discussion from every segment of the research should be supported with examples to narrate the whole scenario of the topic being discussed.
- Each discussion should be always concise and not be beating around the bush.
- Provide a detailed outline of the research regarding the pertinent data being discussed.
- Always use a concise way of concluding each paragraph.
- State your final thoughts about the main subject of the topic such as the impact of breast cancer on the society.
- Reveal insight corresponding to the issue is associated with the relevance of breast cancer prevalence to the society.
- Recommendations should be applied for the concluding paragraph, stating what can be done to prevent breast cancer development to the society.
- Check if the sources exist online so that it is easier for the audience to have an access to the facts.
- Refer to your research adviser to know other issues that are needed to be changed or revised.
- Never consider your paper as the final output prior to your defense.
- Proofread multiple times as possible before submitting to the adviser or prior to defense.
- Biswas A, Oh PI, Faulkner GE, Bajaj RR, Silver MA, Mitchell MS & Alter DA (2015). “Sedentary Time and Its Association With Risk for Disease Incidence, Mortality, and Hospitalization in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 162 (2): 123–32.
- Gøtzsche PC, &Jørgensen KJ (2013). “Screening for breast cancer with mammography.”. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 6: CD001877.
- Moyer VA (2013). “Medications for Risk Reduction of Primary Breast Cancer in Women: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 159: 698–708.
- Siu, Albert L. (12 January 2016). “Screening for Breast Cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 164: 279–96.
Example of the 1st body paragraph
The modifiable cause of breast cancer is related to the lifestyle of the patient, which affects their health. This includes their sedentary lifestyle, which plays an important role in limiting their proactive lifestyle, impacting their health and longevity. The non-modifiable factor is attributed to their gender as a female because most sufferers of breast cancers are all females. Heredity and age is also an inevitable scenario, impacting the risk of developing similar health care situation to the next generation kin of the patients (Biswas, Oh, Faulkner, Bajaj, Silver, Mitchell & Alter, 2015).
Example of the 2nd body paragraph
Breast cancer is a life-threatening disease of the human body. Visible signs and symptoms include unusual enlargement of the breast, lump on the breast, tenderness of the breast, and unusual discharges from the breast. If left untreated, palliative care is the only applicable treatment applied to the patient (Moyer, 2013).
Example of the 3rd body paragraph
Surgical removal of the cancerous cyst is recommended for patients suffering from the disease. This includes double mastectomy so that the patient’s affected organs and tissues will no longer infect other parts of the body. Radiation or chemotherapy is the most common treatment applied to the patient along with the medication regimen as well as screening procedures (Gotzsche & Jorgensen, 2013).
How to finish a research paper on breast cancer
It is best to finish the research paper with wrapping up what has been said and giving recommendations. This is to end the conversation between a reader and the presented research.
Tips on conclusion writing
Example of a conclusion
It has been concluded that breast cancer is prevalent if the patient was not aware of the proper handling of diet management and having an uncontrollable sedentary lifestyle. Even if you are at risk, breast cancer is still a disease that could affect your health and longevity. We should realize that breast cancer is a life-threatening disease and could happen to anyone who was practicing a poor healthy lifestyle. Preventive measures such as engaging in a productive dissemination and awareness program are important to increase the number of individuals who are willing to cooperate with health care professionals.
Tips on research paper revision
It is important to proofread before finalizing the paper – this is to check all grammatical inconsistencies or grammars.
Essay on Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the unwanted growth of cells in the breast tissues. It is mainly classified in two categories: lobular carcinoma and ductal carcinoma. Lobular carcinoma is the one that starts in the lobules of the breast while ductal carcinoma occurs in the ducts that carry milk from breasts to nipples. Further, the cancer can be invasive (spreading to other tissues) or non-invasive (localised) in nature. Breast cancer generally occurs in the females but it is not completely obsolete in males. But females are 100 times more at a risk of developing breast cancer.
Most of the cases of carcinoma are idiopathic, i.e. no certain causative factor can be described that causes the breast cancer. However, there are various patterns and predisposing factors enlisted that describe the vulnerability and probability of developing cancers in females, they are:
The women are at a higher risk of developing the carcinoma with the advancing age. Genetics play a major role as a causative factor. Presence of certain genes and family history of the disease makes an individual susceptible to such developments. Over consumption of alcohol and smoking is also an additive factor. Estrogen hormone is known to be the underlying cause of all types of breast carcinoma. Females who have received hormonal replacement therapy in life are more prone to breast cancer.
Any kind of lump in the breast tissue should be taken seriously. Most, of the times, a small lump is the only presenting symptom of the disease. Pain is often obscured and appears in the later stages of the disease. Any kind of serous, purulent or bloody discharge from the nipples or disfigurement of the nipples should also be checked properly to rule out any serious growth in the breast tissues. The other associative symptoms like loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, fever etc can also be noticed.
The main diagnostic technique to detect breast carcinoma is mammogram. The other tests like Breast MRI, CT scan, Ultrasound, biopsy etc fall in line. Blood reports are also matched with the final results, confirming the diagnosis of the disease.
Breast cancer is curable and treated on the basis of stage and patient's general health. However, with the advent of modern technologies and medical facilities the disease is well manageable. 8 out of 10 patients are successfully treated and lead normal life afterwards. The various procedures that are followed while treating the carcinoma are: chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgical removal of the affected breast tissue. Again, the choice of treatment is different for different patients. The overall health of the patient and the stage and type of cancer are the factors that lead to the selection of treatment module most beneficial for the patient.
Breast cancer can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle and leading an active life. Weight management along with reduced intake of alcohol and trans fats in the diet can help in prevention of the disease. Regular check-ups for those at higher risk are recommended after the age of 40 years. Breast cancer is one of the most researched and manageable form of carcinoma affecting human beings. With proper medications and treatment it is effectively manageable.