In early 1831, Garrison, in Boston, began publishing his famous newspaper, the Liberator, supported largely by free African-Americans, who always played a major role in the movement. In December 1833, the Tappans, Garrison, and sixty other delegates of both races and genders met in Philadelphia to found the American Anti-Slavery Society, which denounced slavery as a sin that must be abolished immediately, endorsed nonviolence, and condemned racial prejudice.
By 1835, the society had received substantial moral and financial support from African-American communities in the North and had established hundreds of branches throughout the free states, flooding the North with antislavery literature, agents, and petitions demanding that Congress end all federal support for slavery. The society, which attracted significant participation by women, also denounced the American Colonization Society’s program of voluntary gradual emancipation and black emigration.
All these activities provoked widespread hostile responses from North and South, most notably violent mobs, the burning of mailbags containing abolitionist literature, and the passage in the U.S. House of Representatives of a “gag rule” that banned consideration of antislavery petitions.
These developments, and especially the 1837 murder of abolitionist editor Elijah Lovejoy, led many northerners, fearful for their own civil liberties, to vote for antislavery politicians and brought important converts such as Wendell Phillips, Gerrit Smith, and Edmund Quincy to the cause.
Abolition Movement Essay
The Declaration of Independence states that “all men are created equal,that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, thatamong these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
In the decades preceding the Civil War, abolitionists sought to realize these ideals. Some abolitionists, like Frederick Douglass, took nonviolent action, while others, like John Brown, resorted to violence.
Describe and analyze the lives and actions of Frederick Douglass and John Brown. Whose actions were the best choice to help end slavery?
Construct a written argument in a five-paragraph essay in which you:
1. Write an introduction in which you give a summary of the Abolitionist Movement, including the activities of Frederick Douglass and John Brown. Include a thesis statement in which you evaluate the actions of either Frederick Douglass or John Brown.
2. Describe the life experiences that influenced Frederick Douglass and led him to take action against slavery. Cite one quote that justifies why he took those actions.
3. Describe the life experiences that influenced John Brown and led him to take action against slavery. Cite one quote that justifies why he took those actions.
4. Select either Douglass or Brown and explain why his actions were the best choice to end slavery. Support your choice by citing either actions or quotes from the abolitionist. You may wish to include information about other abolitionists who supported this point of view.
5.Write a conclusion that supports your thesis.
Suggested Vocabulary (Use at least six of these words in your essay)