The Brave New World Essay

Science as the Main Tool of Control in the World State of Aldous Huxley

Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World represents the most perfect social system with minimum deviation probability. The system itself is based on consumerism which reduces any human activity to consumption of various material goods which leads to full satisfaction of society’s needs. Science is considered to be the fundamental power controlling this system as it has reached significant progress by the beginning of the narration. However, the most essential scientific achievements in the novel have been mostly focused on implementation of total control over the citizens of the World State, and also over all spheres of their lives.

Science in Huxley’s novel promoted the establishment of society comprised of people being unequal but evenly satisfied with their existence. This has been made possible by the introduction of ectogenesis allowing child-bearing to be synthesized as well as prenatal and postnatal human development to be brought under control. However, as “wordless conditioning is crude and wholesale” and it “cannot bring home the finer distinctions, cannot inculcate the more complex courses of behavior” it was decided to introduce an additional source of scientific manipulation – hypnopædia (Huxley, p. 21). As a result, all the necessary behavioral and thinking patterns being in the State’s best interest were put into people’s minds.

Science has also impacted religion since its original concepts were effectively excised from the consciousness of the populace (Scott, 2013). Technological course of mankind development has replaced spiritual beliefs of society with material ones. As a matter of fact, belief in God was replaced with belief in technologies while all the original religious habits were perverted and converted into promiscuous sexual intercourses and mass consumption of drugs (soma) inducing state of euphoria and inner detachment in individuals. Having the opportunity of satisfying its basic needs society consolidated one of the most essential dogmas of the World State: “God isn’t compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness” (Huxley, p. 159).

Similarly to other dystopias the World State’s political system is presented by totalitarian regime which, in its turn, is closely connected with science as well. World Controllers use conventional methods of bringing society under control for implementing their power including compulsion, violence and ubiquitous propaganda, but actual realization of this power is executed, again, by means of technologies. Explicit form of violence takes place at an early age: from the very birth all infants of the State are put to tortures with electric shocks and loud noise which results in development of “instinctive hatred of books and flowers” that are considered to be potentially dangerous for stability of the whole society (Huxley, p. 17). Later on, mediate form of violence is executed expressed by hypnopædia, or sleep teaching, and soma, a synthetic drug intended to bring people to euphoria and absolute satisfaction.

Thus, science in Brave New World is considered to be the instrument that helps to eradicate those qualities from humans that could provoke the process of societal collapse. People of The World State are deprived of physical as well as moral freedom being conditioned strictly yet before their birth. The illusion of happiness being generated artificially and by violent force leads to total obedience from the direction of society and guarantees firmness of the foundations proclaimed in the motto of the World State: “COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY” (Huxley, p. 5).

References

Huxley, A. (1932). Brave New World. Retrieved from http://www.idph.com.br/conteudos/ebooks/BraveNewWorld.pdf
Kass, Leon R. (2000). ALDOUS HUXLEY Brave New World (1932). First Things, 101 (March 2000), 51-52. Retrieved from http://www.firstthings.com/article/2000/03/aldous-huxleybrave-new-world
Orwell, G. (1946). Review of  “WE” by E.I. Zamyatin. Retrieved from http://orwell.ru/library/reviews/zamyatin/english/e_zamy
Scott, E. (2013). Orwell, Huxley and the Emerging Totalitarianism. New English Review (May 2013). Retrieved from http://www.newenglishreview.org/custpage.cfm/frm/138161/sec_id/138161

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Below you will find five outstanding thesis statements for Brave New World by Aldous Huxley that can be used as essay starters or paper topics. All five incorporate at least one of the themes in Brave New World and are broad enough so that it will be easy to find textual support, yet narrow enough to provide a focused clear thesis statement. These thesis statements offer a short summary of Brave New World by Aldous Huxley in terms of different elements that could be important in an essay. You are, of course, free to add your own analysis and understanding of the plot or themes to them for your essay. Using the essay topics for Brave New World below in conjunction with the list of important quotes from Brave New World at the bottom of the page, you should have no trouble connecting with the text and writing an excellent essay.

Thesis Statement/Essay Topic #1: Truth Versus Happiness in Brave New World

One of the persistent philosophical questions that preoccupy World State citizens in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley is whether truth is more important than happiness. Mond, for example, argues that happiness is more important than truth. The World State itself clearly believes that the only truth that is permissible is the truth it proclaims and promotes, not individual truth, and not the supposedly soft truth of emotion. By casting the truth and happiness of this utopia (dystopia) into opposition, however, everyone in World State overlooks the more complex reality, which is that truth and happiness can co-exist, as can truth and sadness. Because they are not able to live with this possibility, however, they miss the opportunity to truly create a brave new world. For a longer essay on this topic, consider the ways in which the ideas of the happiness in Brave New World are associated with consumption and how this society is attempting to create a consumer utopia. In short, the theme of consumerism is intricately tied into the notion of happiness over truth. * Click here for a great article that explores this as one of the most important themes in Brave New World *

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #2: “Community, Identity, Stability" in Huxley's Brave New World

In the first line of Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, the reader learns the tri-partite pillars upon which World State is allegedly built: “Community, Identity, Stability." The processes by which these three qualities are achieved and maintained, however, seem completely paradoxical in Brave New World. For the contemporary reader, “community" is understood as a group of diverse people, while in World State, people are essentially manufactured to be sorted into one of five social castes. The modern reader of Brave New World understands “identity" to be highly individual, but again, the caste system prevents anything by conformity and uniformity, and it is through these that stability is achieved. Or is it? Although World State is highly controlled, one can argue that it is anything but stable. In a society in which individual rights are non-existent and people are not permitted to develop unique identities, there can be no stability at all. John’s suicide at the end of Brave New World confirms that World State is utterly chaotic, despite all of the efforts to maintain complete social control.

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #3: Complicity and Rebellion in Brave New World

One of the problematic elements of World State is that each person plays a role in propping up the state’s maladaptive values through their complicity with its rules and systems, and the more people conform, the fewer are likely to rebel. By analyzing specific characters in Brave New World, one can begin to see precisely how complicity functions in a domino effect. Although almost all of the major characters have some physical or personality trait that makes them unconventional, most of them do not emphasize or exercise their difference in a way that challenges the reigning order. In fact, in order to minimize their differences or divergent desires, most of the characters seek some form of avoidance or sublimation, namely, the drug soma. As a result, despite their own personal moments of dissatisfaction and despair, the citizens of World State serve to perpetuate the very conditions that cause them distress.

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #4 The Limits and Power of Technology in Brave New World
True to other works in its genre, Brave New World is intensely interested in the powers and the limits of technology. In its specific treatment of psychotropic drugs and genetic engineering, Brave New World was, in retrospect, ominously prescient. Huxley criticized a world in which people had to medicate themselves to avoid their true emotions, and he also criticized a social system that essentially manufactured human beings to fit certain social needs and interests. The world that Huxley predicted has come true. In this essay, the similarities and differences between the world Huxley described and our own society will be examined, and the powers and limits of technology will be discussed.

Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #2: Neologisms in Brave New World

One of the ways in which the authors of allegorical tales such as Brave New World create problematic future worlds and convey the difficulty of talking about those worlds is by devising a nomenclature that is specific to the futuristic environment. In Brave New World, the reader notices all sorts of neologisms, words that are comprised of familiar roots or references but which have been appropriated and given new meaning. Some examples of these words include “hypnopaedic," the “Podsnap’s Technique," and “soma." At the same time, authors take familiar words and challenge the reader to approach and interpret them differently by infusing them with new meaning. Together, the effect of these strategies is to create discomfort and even confusion in the reader, provoking him or her to question basic assumptions about the organization of society and the nature of our human relationships.

* Here is a link to a great freely-accessible essay discussing many of these aspects of Brave New World *


This list of important quotations will help you work with the essay topics and thesis statements above by allowing you to support your claims. All of the important quotes listed here correspond, at least in some way, to the paper topics above and by themselves can give you great ideas for an essay by offering quotes and explanations about other themes, symbols, imagery, and motifs than those already mentioned and explained. Aside from the thesis statements above, these quotes alone can act as essay questions or study questions as they are all relevant to the text in an important way. All quotes contain page numbers as well. Look at the bottom of the page to identify which edition of the text they are referring to.

“Over the main entrance…a shield [with] the World State’s motto: COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY." (3)

“For of course some general idea they [the medical students] must have, if they were to do their work intelligently—though as little of one, if they were to be good and happy members of society, as possible. For particulars, as everyone knows, make for virtue and happiness; generalities are intellectually necessary evils. Not philosophers…compose the backbone of society." (4)

“’Essentially,’ the DHC concluded, ‘bokanovskification consists of a series of arrests of development. We check the normal growth and, paradoxically enough, the egg responds by budding.’" (6)

“[O]ne of the students was fool enough to ask where the advantage lay. ‘My good boy!…. Can’t you see? Can’t you see?…Bokanovsky’s Process is one of the major instruments of social stability!" (7)

“It was decided to abolish the love of nature, at any rate among the lower classes…." (23)

“Their world didn’t allow them to take things easily, didn’t allow them to be sane, virtuous, happy." (41)

“I don’t know what you mean. I am free. Free to have the most wonderful time. Everybody’s happy nowadays." (91)

“Alphas are so conditioned that they do not have to be infantile in their emotional behavior. But that is all the more reason for their making a special effort to conform. It is their duty to be infantile, even against their inclination. " (98)

“[V]alue dwells not in particular will…. It holds his estimate and dignity as well wherein ‘tis precious of itself as the prizer." (236)

“If you allowed yourselves to think of God, you wouldn’t allow yourselves to be degraded by pleasant vices. You’d have a reason for bearing things patiently, for doing things with courage…." (236)

Reference: Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Perennial, 1998. <

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