Shannon Debessay

Bluefield College graduating seniors were challenged to listen to God's call and to take advantage of second chances when they accepted diplomas during the school's 17th Annual Winter Commencement, Saturday, December 13.  

One hundred forty BC seniors, most from the school's adult degree completion program, celebrated the milestone event in front of a standing-room-only crowd of family and friends inside Harman Chapel. Outstanding graduating senior Jennifer Brewster of Bluefield, Virginia, served as keynote speaker for the ceremony.    

"I can think of no better time to celebrate our graduation than Christmastime," said Brewster, a teacher education major who serves as secretary of the Student Virginia Education Association, "because, after all, Jesus is the reason we have reached this achievement."    

Brewster, a Virginia Teachers of Promise honoree, spoke of her contentment with being a wife and a mother until God called her to college through an experience with teaching a child to read. She answered that call and challenged her fellow classmates to do the same.    

"As Bluefield College continues to change the world one graduate at a time, I will leave this college community with a determination to change one child at a time, because I have followed God's calling for my life," said Brewster. "I challenge you (classmates) to listen to God's calling for your life."    

Dr. Mike Henry, an instructor for the school's degree completion program, offered remarks on behalf of the faculty. Dr. Henry, who serves as a professor and director of Student Support Services at Southwest Virginia Community College, in addition to his duties at BC, spoke about second chances and the difficult journey of life and earning a college degree.    

"I know the journey to this milestone has not been an easy one for some of you," said Dr. Henry, who was once told he was not college material, "but you are here because you wouldn't settle for less and because Bluefield College has been a beacon for students like you, not only in this community, but across the state."    

Bluefield College President David Olive welcomed the capacity crowd of family and friends to Winter Commencement. He urged the graduates to continue their pursuit of knowledge and to make the most of what they had already learned.    

"Your achievement being recognized today is not the end of your learning, but the beginning," Dr. Olive told the seniors. "Much has been entrusted to you; much is expected of you."    

Dr. Dan Grabeel, chairman of the Board, offered greetings on behalf of trustees, while Dr. Cindy Bascom, associate professor of communications, shared a scripture reading. Junior music major Jamar Bennett provided a special music solo, and Dr. Olive, Interim Vice President for Academic Affairs Greg Kerr, and Registrar Cathy Matherly participated in the conferring of degrees.    

Candidates for graduation for winter 2008 included:

Cheryl Elizabeth Adams, Midlothian, Virginia

Sabrina Clemson Allen, Princeton, West Virginia

Darren Alvaranga, Rockledge, Florida

Montese Simone Anderson, Richmond, Virginia

Raymond Anderson, Jr., Norfolk, Virginia

Bernetta L. Ashby, Richlands, Virginia

Juleigh K. Bailey, Princeton, West Virginia

Laura A. Banks-Williams, Chesapeake, Virginia

Erica W. Barnett, Big Island, Virginia

Brandie Louise Barros, Chesapeake, Virginia

Malcolm Wesley Beckett, Saltville, Virginia

Karen Hanson Bittinger, Roanoke, Virginia

Addison Cheryl Blackburn, Tazewell, Virginia

Paul Edward Blair, Bluefield, Virginia

Karen Bobb, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Jennifer Rue Bodnar, Lexington, Virginia

Tracy Fisher Boyd, Jonesbourgh, Tennessee

Diania Lee Bradley, Hampton, Virginia

Jennifer A. Brewster, Bluefield, Virginia

Kathy Pauline Brickey, Dungannon, Virginia

Joshua Thomas Brintle, Tazewell, Virginia

David W. Brockman, Christiansburg, Virginia

David A. Brown, Ruckersville, Virginia

Sharmonique Taylor Burrow, Wilsons, Virginia

Robert G. Burton, Suffolk, Virginia

Melissa S. Chamberlain, Farmville, Virginia

Jennifer Marie Chappelear, Bassett, Virginia

Jay Eric Conner, Floyd, Virginia

David J. Cooter, Jacksonville, Florida

Sarah E. Cordill, Princeton, West Virginia

Pamels D. Craig-White, Richmond, Virginia

Anne Trent Caddell Currin, Roanoke, Virginia

Patircia Ann Darr, Boston, Virginia

Kimberli M. Davis, Las Vegas, Nevada

Shewit Debessay Araya, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Jeffrey Paul Dodson, Jr., Culpeper, Virginia

Amanda Elaine Dudley, Roanoke, Virginia

Luca Earl, Smithfield, Virginia

Shawn Michael Enochs, Riner, Virginia

Bruce L. Evans, Chesapeake, Virginia

Allena Gayle Fagg, Roanoke, Virginia

Dietrich L. Fields, Sr., Emporia, Virginia

Michael D. Folker, Hampton, Virginia

Tera Nicole Foster, Amelia, Virginia

Donald J. Fowler, Chesapeake, Virginia

Jennifer M. Futrell, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Kathryn E. Geisert, Gloucester, Virginia

Dontae Cornelius Gholson, Petersburg, Virginia

Cynthia Gautier Gillispie, Pembroke, Virginia

Kellye Romano Glover, Bluefield, West Virginia

Amy Dawn Goddin, Chesapeake, Virginia

Pamela S. Gordon, Pembroke, Virginia

Jody Carol Gouley, Stafford, Virginia

Telma Felicia Green, Chesterfield, Virginia

Angela Necole Greene, Radford, Virginia

Tony Glen Hale, Rogersville, Tennessee

Jon D. Hall, Richmond, Virginia

Cheree April Hammond, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Donald Joseph Hannon, Dinwiddie, Virginia

Jeremy Scott Hardy, Chesapeake, Virginia

Heather Jo Harris, Tazewell, Virginia

Van Lee Harris, Speedwell, Virginia

Donnie Lee Hart, Altavista, Virginia

Sheryl Christine Helm, Rich Creek, Virginia

James J. Henderson, Colonial Heights, Virginia

Lena Hipps-Clarke, Victoria, Virginia

Melissa Betina Hodo, Jarratt, Virginia

Deborah D. Howard-Dobbins, Richmond, Virginia

Derek W. Howell, Sr., Roanoke, Virginia

Kimberly-Jo A. Humbles, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Damon K. Isom, Richmond, Virginia

Alexandrea Jay Jackson, Forrest City, Arkansas

George C. Jackson, Christiansburg, Virginia

Linda L. Jackson, Richmond, Virginia

Elizabeth Ann Johnson, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Rhonda Gail Johnson, Roanoke, Virginia

Kimberly L. Keen, Richlands, Virginia

Noemi Kube, Richmond, Virginia

Crystal McLaurin LaJoye, Morrisville, North Carolina

Damian Lane, Washington, D.C.

Jason Rex Lee, Burke, Virginia

Samantha Belle Lineberry, Laurel Community

Pamela Shelton Lucas, Blacksburg, Virginia

Vanessa Mabry, Hampton, Virginia

Peter R. Maisonave, Chesapeake, Virginia

Chisity Monique Mallory, Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina

Sylvia Celeste Massey, Summerville, South Carolina

Clyde Thomas Mayberry, Jr., Madison Heights, Virginia

Mark Allen Miller, Fries, Virginia

Robert Andrew Morris, Alleghany, Virginia

Cheryl L. Moses, Bastian, Virginia

Mark S. Mullins, Rocky Mount, Virginia

Ellie Q. Nickelson, Prince George, Virginia

Karla J. O'Quinn, Princeton, West Virginia

Stephanie Jeanette Oiler, Troutville, Virginia

James Joseph O'Sullivan, Chesapeake, Virginia

Joy D. Painter, Powhatan, Virginia

David W. Payne, Galax, Virginia

Elizabeth Ann Phoenix, Grundy, Virginia

Tammi Carolyn Pierce, Yorktown, Virginia

Sean Michael Polster, Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Seborn Michael Powell, Portsmouth, Virginia

Amenah Alice Price, Ruther Glen, Virginia

Jill A. Price, Pounding Mill, Virginia

Tammy Lynn Pruitt, Raven, Virginia

Steven Paul Queen, Manassas, Virginia

Keilah Danielle Ramey, Luray, Vriginia

Lisa Kenney Ratliff, Salem, Virginia

Anthony Fallon Ray, Daleville, Virginia

Lisa Michele Reale, Newark, Delaware

Jeffery S. Reeves, Galax, Virginia

Tanieka Denise Ricks, Zuni, Virginia

Joanna Lynn Riggins, Rich Creek, Virginia

Garrick Kenyon Robbins, Sterling, Virginia

Arlene Lewis Robertson, Crewe, Virginia

Kimberly S. Rutherford, Roanoke, Virginia

Teri B. Haas Scales, Lebanon, Virginia

Amanda S. Shafer, Grundy, Virginia

Johnathan Matthew Shannon, Cedar Bluff, Virginia

Tawnya G. Showers, Mobile, Alabama

Angela Siddall, Kilmarnock, Virginia

Chelsea Victoria Smith, Hillsville, Virginia

Holly Lynn Smith, Peterstown, West Virginia

Julie Marie Smith, Lambsburg, Virginia

Kevin L. Smith, Chesterfield, Virginia

Stephanie Marie Smith, Vidalia, Georgia

Shelley Allen Soler, Emporia, Virginia

Daniel A. Stahler, Harrison, Arkansas

Alicia Wall Stanley, Floyd, Virginia

Dana J. Steele, Princeton, West Virginia

Rhonda Loucindy Stroupe, Pocahontas, Virginia

Brian Samuel Tegeler, Pounding Mill, Virginia

Denise Jordan Terry, Chesterfield, Virginia

Lakeshia Juanita Tinsley, Richmond, Virginia

Jane A. Todd, Blacksburg, Virginia

Katrina Williams Tuel, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Lindsey Wagoner, Chesapeake, Virginia

Joel Christopher Walor, Fredericksburg, Virginia

Katherine Celeste Ward, Tampa, Florida

Hattie Antoinette Morris Weatherless, Mechanisville, Virginia

Tasha LaShay Wilkerson, Victoria, Virginia

Mary Catherine Nash Williams, Pulaski, Virginia

Patricia Christian Williams, Carson, Virginia

Deborah P. Yates, Glen Allen, Virginia.

Following recent events in Charlottesville, as well as in our library itself last spring, the Vassar College Libraries staff, not surprisingly, sought understanding through our collection.  

The result is the Charlottesville Primer, a list of books and movies dealing with white supremacy, the history of whiteness, and their impact on our current society. Library staff selected these particular books and movies because they were thought provoking for us as we meandered through our own library looking for books on this topic, but there are many, many more sources that can be added to the list; the titles below serve only as a “seed list” that we hope will foster thought and conversation. All the books and movies in the Charlottesville Primer are located in the Browsing Collection in the lobby of the Thompson Library.

This is not the first time we have turned to literature and art to explore the topic of race after disturbing national events. Just two years ago we participated in the Charleston Syllabus following the murder of nine parishioners gathered for a prayer service at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church. We have linked to that syllabus HERE and you can read Assistant Director of the Library for Collection Development and Research Services Deb Bucher’s thoughts at the time HERE.  Both the list and Deb’s essay remain relevant in the aftermath of Charlottesville.

We invite you to join this ongoing conversation on Tuesday, September 26th at 4:30pm in the Library lobby as part of our adLib series.

What is adLIB?
An event series that pairs the interests of librarians and students in programs that inspire curiosity and build relationships, adLIB intends to engage the spirit of spontaneity and curiosity to encourage Vassar students to cultivate genuine interest in the Libraries’ extensive collections, supportive services, and informative people.

adLIB programs are casual, informal opportunities for students to discover and explore possibilities in our libraries that can be applied in the academic world and beyond.

CHARLOTTESVILLE PRIMER (in chronological order)

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. 1892-1900. On Lynchings. 2002 ed. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.
HV6457 .W393 2002
A collection of three smaller works: Southern Horrors (1892); A Red Record (1895); Mob Rule in New Orleans (1900).

DuBois, W.E.B. 1920. Darkwater: Voices From Within the Veil. New York: Oxford, 2007.
E185.61 .D83 2007
This collection contains the essay “The Souls of White Folks,” which is an examination of the “assumption that of all the hues of God whiteness alone is inherently and obviously better than brownness or tan…” (p.).

Malcolm, X. 1971. The End of White World Supremacy: Four Speeches by Malcolm X. Edited by Benjamin Goodman. New York: Merlin House.
E185.61 .L578
Representative speeches of Malcolm X’s thinking between 1962-1963, laying out the hypocrisy of White, liberal, America and arguing for strong, Black leadership.

Brown, Kathleen M. 1996. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
F229 .B8783 1996
This book examines the role gender–especially the regulation of white women’s sexuality–played in the creation of racial categories in colonial America. The author focuses on the Virginia colony and uses court records, promotional tracts, and travelers’ accounts.

Lazarre, Jane. 1996. Beyond the Whiteness of Whiteness: Memoir of a White Mother of Black Sons. Durham: Duke University Press, 2016 (Twentieth anniversary edition).
HQ755.85 L39 2016
A memoir that recounts the author’s confrontation with her own racism and explores “the possibility of rejecting willful innocence and persistent ignorance of history, of being oblivious…to the history and legacy of American slavery….” (p.xvii).

Jacobson, Matthew Frye. 1999. Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
E184 .395 J33 1999
Using novels, films, journalistic accounts, court records, legal codes, congressional debates, and many other primary sources, Jacobson writes about race as American history. Like Brown, above, he starts in the colonial period, but moves from there into the twentieth century. He maintains two points: “race is absolutely central to the history of European immigration and settlement” (p.8), and “race resides not in nature but in politics and culture” (p.9). The history of “whiteness and its fluidity is very much a history of power and disposition” (p.9).

Thandeka. 1999. Learning to Be White: Money, Race, and God in America. New York: Continuum.
E184 .E95 T47 1999
Thandeka lays out her thought-provoking thesis in three bullet points in the Preface (p.vii):
No one in born white in America.
The first racial victim of the white community is its own child.
Racist acts are sometimes not motivated by white racist sentiment but by feelings of personal shame.

Smith, Chip. 2007. The Cost of Privilege: Taking on the System of White Supremacy and Racism. Fayetteville, NC: Camino Press.
E184 .A1 S645 2007
The author argue that the “system of racial preferences [in the United States] is the main barrier to forming a broad movement that can fundamentally transform U.S. society.” The last section of the book is focused on “Taking on the System” and includes ten ways people can challenge white supremacy during an ordinary day (ch. 24).

Daniels, Jessie. 2009. Cyber-Racism: White Supremacy Online and the New Attack on Civil Rights. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
E184 .A1 D244 2009
White supremacist groups were early adopters of the Internet to get their message across, so it’s important to understand their tactics and methods. The author uses scholarship to understand white supremacy online and activism to combat it.

Leonardo, Zeus. 2009. Race, Whiteness, and Education. New York: Routledge.
LC212.2 .L46 2009
Following Peggy McIntosh’s “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack,” Leonardo creates a “selective list of acts, laws, and decisions, if only to capture a reliable portrait of white supremacy” (p.85-89) in his discussion of how children learn about whiteness in both their formal and informal education.

Bush, Melanie E.L. 2011. 2nd ed. Everyday Forms of Whiteness: Understanding Race in a “Post-Racial” World. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
E184 .A1 B917 2011
Using extensive interviews conducted at Brooklyn College in the late 90s, Bush examines the assumptions of white students and determines that they are uncritical about their racial identity and accept it in an unexamined way, and are largely blind to the racial inequalities around them.

Lightweis-Goff, Jennie. 2011. Blood at the Root: Lynching as American Cultural Nucleus. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
HV6457 .L54 2011
Writing as a Northerner, this book reminded me that lynching was not limited to the South. The description of the author’s 2008 experience in Port Jervis, NY is hair-raising, and equally upsetting is the reminder that no evidence of a lynching there in 1892 could be found.

Berger, Martin A. 2013. Freedom Now! Forgotten Photographs of the Civil Rights Struggle. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Art E185.61 .B464 2013
This collection of photographs aims to problematize the canon of Civil Rights photos that we often see in circulation. Traditionally, the photos depict African American suffering and White activism. These photos suggest that there’s another side to the story, and that when we “go to the source” we should make sure we look at as many of the sources as possible.

hooks, bell. 2013. Writing Beyond Race: Living Theory and Practice. New York: Routledge.
E194 .A1 H654 2013
Although not a self-help book by any means, bell hooks provides helpful strategies for ways to combat white supremacist thinking (which she prefers over the term “racism”). Primarily, be self-conscious about the types and amount of media you consume!

Simien, Justin. 2014. Dear White People: a Guide to Inter-Racial Harmony in “Post-Racial” America. New York: Atria.
PN6231 .W444 S56 2014
Written by the writer of the movie of the same name, the graphic satire is a guide to avoiding microaggressions.

Sullivan, Shannon. 2014. Good White People: the Problem with Middle-Class White Anti-Racism. Albany: SUNY Press.
E184 .A1 S95 2014
If you’re white like I am, you have most likely asked the question, what can I do to promote racial justice and/or eliminate racism or white privilege? It’s a good question with some really difficult answers. The author focuses on liberal white racism and its intersectionality with class bias. It’s a hard, but important, examination of the racism of white middle class anti-racism.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. 2015. Between the World and Me. New York: Spiegel & Grau.
Kindle (ask at Circulation Desk)
About race and how to live with it as an African American man. As Toni Morrison described it, “This is required reading.”

Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 2016. Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right. New York: The New Press.
JC573.2 .U6 H624 2016
A sociologist listens to the stories of poor Whites in southern areas of the country. Of special interest is the appendices that outline her research methodologies. In these days of “fake news,” Appendix C is of particular interest, in which she includes common understandings (such as “The more environmental regulations you have, the fewer jobs”) and the research she did to check that “fact.”

Kendi, Ibram X. 2016. Stamped From the Beginning: the Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America. New York: Nation Books.
E185.61 .K358 2016
In contrast to the “popular folktale of racism: that ignorant and hateful people had produced racist ideas” (p.9), Kendri offers a counter-history: that “racial discrimination led to racist ideas which led to ignorance and hate” (p.9). He examines the thinking of five important figures: Cotton Mather, Thomas Jefferson, William Lloyd Garrison, W.E.B. DuBois, and Angela Davis.

Films
Dear White People (2014, Justin Simien, director)
A (not so) fictional account of the experiences of Black students at an exclusive predominantly white institution of higher learning.

Get Out (2017, Jordan Peele, director)
An African American man meets his White girlfriend’s family.

Other Reading Lists:

New York Public Library
Charlottesville in Context: a Reading List
https://www.nypl.org/blog/2017/08/18/charlottesville-in-context

UVA Graduate Student Coalition
Charlottesville Syllabus – Zine #1 for August 12, 2017
https://gradcoalition.com/wp/2017/08/14/charlottesville-syllabus-zine-1-for-august-12-2017/

JSTOR Daily
Charlottesville Syllabus: Readings on the History of Hate in America
https://daily.jstor.org/charlottesville-syllabi-history-hate-america/

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